PERBAHASAN ILMU QIRA’AT DALAM TAFSIR JAMI’ AL-BAYAN A’N TA’WIL AY AL-QURAN: PENILAIAN IMAM AL-TABARI TERHADAP SURAH AL-FATIHAH

[DISCUSSION OF QIRA’AT IN TAFSIR JAMI’ AL-BAYAN A’N TA’WIL AY AL-QURAN: IMAM AL-TABARI’S EVALUATION ON SURAH AL-FATIHAH]

Authors

  • IBRAHIM MOHD SOBKI 1Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang
  • YUSHARINA YUSOF 1Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang

Keywords:

Qira’at, imam al-Tabari, surah al-Fatihah Qira’at, imam al-Tabari, surah al-Fatihah

Abstract

Qira'at is an important knowledge in understanding the verses of the Quran. Some verses of the  Quran have a different types of qira’at in explaining the meaning which proves that the Quran is a miracle revealed by Allah SWT and not a creation of creatures. This situation allows scholars to see the privilege of qira'at that be able to preserve the Quran from any elements that can be distorted by irresponsible parties. Thus, this paper discusses in detail the debate of imam al-Tabari on his assessment of surah al-Fatihah. The discussion of the study involves the definition and terms of qira’at, the background of imam al-Tabari and the methodology of imam al-Tabari in the tafsir of Jami 'al-Bayan A'n Ta'wil Ay al-Quran. The discussion also focuses on the evaluation of imam al-Tabari in surah al-Fatihah based on the description related to qira'at. The results show that Imam al-Tabari is always consistent in discussing the differences between qira'at based on the conditions and pillars of qira'at while not leaving his argument based on the source of al-ma'thur.

Qira’at adalah ilmu yang penting dalam memahami ayat Al-Quran. Sebahagian ayat Al-Quran mempunyai jenis qira'at yang berbeza dalam menjelaskan makna yang membuktikan bahawa Al-Quran adalah mukjizat yang diturunkan oleh Allah SWT dan bukan ciptaan makhluk. Keadaan ini membolehkan para ilmuan melihat keistimewaan ilmu qira’at yang dapat memelihara Al-Quran daripada sebarang unsur yang boleh diselewengkan oleh pihak yang tidak bertanggungjawab. Justeru, tulisan ini membincangkan secara terperinci berkenaan perbahasan imam al-Tabari tentang penilaian beliau dalam surah al-Fatihah. Perbincangan kajian melibatkan definisi dan syarat qira’at, kemudian diikuti dengan perbincangan mengenai latar belakang imam al-Tabari yang merangkumi sejarah pengetahuan dan sumbangan yang diberikan olehnya dan juga metodologi imam al-Tabari dalam tafsir Jami’ al-Bayan A’n Ta’wil Ay al-Quran. Kajian turut memfokuskan kepada penilaian imam al-Tabari dalam surah al-Fatihah berdasarkan huraian berkaitan ilmu qira’at. Hasil kajian menunjukkan imam al-Tabari sentiasa konsisten dalam membahaskan wajah perbezaan qira’at berdasarkan kepada syarat dan rukun qira’at di samping tidak meninggalkan hujah beliau berpandukan kepada sumber al-ma’thur.

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Published

2021-12-01

How to Cite

MOHD SOBKI, I., & YUSOF, Y. (2021). PERBAHASAN ILMU QIRA’AT DALAM TAFSIR JAMI’ AL-BAYAN A’N TA’WIL AY AL-QURAN: PENILAIAN IMAM AL-TABARI TERHADAP SURAH AL-FATIHAH: [DISCUSSION OF QIRA’AT IN TAFSIR JAMI’ AL-BAYAN A’N TA’WIL AY AL-QURAN: IMAM AL-TABARI’S EVALUATION ON SURAH AL-FATIHAH] . KQT EJurnal, 1(2), 13–25. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.kqt.edu.my/index.php/kqt-ojs/article/view/31

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